Philadelphia Decoded

Accessible, User - Friendly Law for All People

§ 3-102 Definitions. 3 Amended, 1973 Ordinances, p. 792.3

The following definitions apply to this Title and the Regulations adopted hereunder.

(1) Aerosol – A dispersion or suspension of small solid or liquid particles or any combination thereof in the air or other gaseous medium.

(2) Ashes – The residue from combustion, including cinders, flash or any other solid material resulting from combustion, as well as partially combusted materials and unburned combustibles.

(3) Air Contaminant – Any smoke, soot, flash, dust, cinders, dirt, noxious or obnoxious acids, fumes, oxides, gases, mists, aerosols, vapors, odors, toxic or radioactive substances, water, particulate, solid, liquid or gaseous matter, or any other materials in the outdoor atmosphere.

(4) Air Pollution – The presence in the atmosphere of one or more air contaminants or combinations thereof in such quantities and of such duration that they are or may tend to be injurious to human, plant, or animal life, or property, or that interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life or property or the conduct of business or other human activities.

(5) Air Pollution Nuisance – The emission or discharge of one or more air contaminants to the atmosphere meeting one or more of the following criteria:

(a) In excess of emission standards promulgated by the Air Pollution Control Board;

(b) In such quantity and of such duration that they do or may tend to:

(.1) interfere with health, repose or safety;

(.2) cause severe annoyance or discomfort;

(.3) lessen food or water intake;

(.4) produce irritation of the upper respiratory tract;

(.5) produce symptoms of nausea;

(.6) be offensive, or objectionable, or both, to persons because of inherent chemical or physical properties;

(.7) be detrimental or harmful to health, comfort, recreation, living conditions, welfare, or safety;

(.8) cause injury or damage to real or personal property of any kind;

(.9) or interfere with the conduct of industry, commerce, or transportation.

(6) Board – means the Air Pollution Control Board.

(7) Cinders – Particles consisting of fused ash or unburned matter.

(8) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) – A colorless, odorless gas at standard conditions which has the molecular formula CO2.

(9) Commercial Fuel – Liquid or gaseous fuel normally produced, manufactured, used or sold for the purpose of creating useful heat.

(10) Condensed Fumes – Minute solid particles generated by the condensation of vapors from solid matter after volatilization from the molten state, or generated by sublimation, distillation, calcination, or chemical reaction when these processes create airborne particles.

(11) Department – The Department of Public Health, Health Commissioner or any authorized representative thereof.

(12) Dust – Solid particles projected into the air and capable of temporary suspension therein.

(13) Facility – The area, buildings, and equipment used by any person at a single location in the conduct of business. 4 Added, 1973 Ordinances, p. 792.4

(14) Flash – Particulate matter capable of being gasborne or airborne and consisting essentially of fused ash and/or burned or unburned material.

(15) Fuel – Any combustible matter.

(16) Fuel Burning Equipment – Any device, machine, mechanism or structure used in the process of burning fuel for indirect heating.

(17) Fuel Merchant – Any person who stores, offers for sale or sells commercial fuel in retail or wholesale trade, excluding agents, brokers, wholesalers, distributors or producers who sell commercial fuel for use in single steam and/or electric power generating facilities having rated hourly capacities that equal or exceed two hundred (200) million BTU gross heat input, or in a group of steam and/or electric power generating facilities at one location having a combined rated capacity which equals or exceeds four hundred and fifty (450) million BTU gross heat input.

(18) Fuel Oil – A liquid or liquefiable petroleum product burned for lighting or for the generation of heat or power and derived directly or indirectly from crude oil.

(19) Household Appliances – Any electric or gas operated device, commonly used in a dwelling, other than incinerators, heating systems, or hot water heating systems.

(20) Incinerators – All devices, including but not limited to crematories, intended or used for the destruction of garbage or other combustible materials by means of burning, or for the salvage of materials by means of burning of extraneous materials.

(21) Installation, Equipment or Devices – Any assembly or elements or components the operation of which does or may directly or indirectly affect the emission of air contaminants to the atmosphere.

(22) Minor Repairs and Alterations – Repair or alteration of any part of any existing installation, equipment, or device which does not materially alter the quantity or character of discharge or emission into the atmosphere of air contaminants.

(23) Mist – A suspension of any finely-divided liquid in any gas or atmosphere.

(24) Non-Commercial Fuel – Liquid or gaseous fuel not normally produced, manufactured, used or sold for the purpose of creating useful heat.

(25) Odor – Smells or aromas which are unpleasant to persons, or which tend to lessen human food and water intake, interfere with sleep, upset appetite, produce irritation of the upper respiratory tract, or create symptoms of nausea, or which by their inherent chemical or physical nature, or method or processing, are or may be detrimental or dangerous to health. Odors and smell are used herein interchangeably.

(26) Open Fires – Any fire from which the products of combustion are emitted directly into the atmosphere without passing through a stack or chimney.

(27) Particulate Matter – Any material, liquid or solid, except uncombined water, which exists in a finely divided form at standard conditions.

(28) Person – Any individual, natural person, syndicate, association, partnership, firm, corporation, institution, agency, authority, department, bureau, or instrumentality of federal, state or local government or other entity recognized by law as a subject of rights and duties.

(29) Smoke – Small gas-borne particles resulting from combustion, consisting of carbon, ash, and other material.

(30) Soot – Agglomerated particles consisting mainly of carbonaceous material.

(31) SSU Viscosity – The number of seconds it takes 60 cubic centimeters of an oil to flow through the standard orifice of a Saybolt Universal Viscometer at 100° F.

(32) Stack or Chimney – A flue, conduit or opening permitting particulate or gaseous emissions into the open air, or constructed or arranged for such purpose.

(33) Standard Conditions – A gas temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit and a gas pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute.

(34) Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) – A colorless gas at standard conditions which has the molecular formula SO2.

(35) Vapor – The gaseous form of a substance which is in the liquid or solid state at customary atmospheric temperature or pressure.

(36) Viscosity – The measure of a fluids resistance to flow.

(37) Toxic Air Contaminant – A chemical substance or material the discharge of which into the atmosphere, based upon relevant available scientific evidence establishing the toxic, mutagenic and/or carcinogenic effects of such substance or material, may pose a potential hazard to the community in terms of a significant increase in risk of acute or long-term health effects. 5 Added, 1981 Ordinances, p. 88.5