Philadelphia Decoded

Accessible, User - Friendly Law for All People

§ 3-207 Sale of Fuel Oil. 10 Amended, 1973 Ordinances, p. 792; amended, 1975 Ordinances, pp. 339 and 1177.10

(1) Commercial Fuel Oil. 11 Amended, 1976 Ordinances, p. 866; amended, 1977 Ordinances, p. 1559.11

(a) On and after the effective dates listed therein no fuel merchant shall store, offer for sale, sell, deliver for use or exchange in trade, for use in Philadelphia, and no person shall use commercial fuel oils which contain sulfur in excess of the percentages by weight set forth in the following table:

PERCENT SULFUR BY WEIGHT

Grades of Commercial Fuel OilSSU Viscosity at 100°FEffective 5-1-70Effective 10-1-72Effective 4-1-78No. 2 and lighterLess than or equal to 450.3%0.3%0.2%No. 4Greater than 45 but less than 1450.7%0.4%0.3%No. 5,

No. 6 and heavierEqual to or greater than 1451.0%0.5%0.5% 12 Amended, 1978 Ordinances, p. 4071.12

(b) The provisions of (a) above shall not apply in any case in which it is demonstrated to the Department that sulfur dioxide emissions, caused by the combustion of commercial fuel oils, from any stack or chimney into the outdoor atmosphere, can be controlled to levels that, on and after the effective dates listed herein, do not exceed at any time those quantities of sulfur dioxide, expressed in pounds per one (1) million BTU gross heat input, set forth in the following table:

PERMISSIBLE SO2 EMISSIONS

(Pounds SO2 per Million BTU Gross Heat Input)

Grades of Commercial Fuel OilSSU Viscosity at 100°FEffective 5-1-70Effective 10-1-72Effective 4-1-78No. 4Greater than 45 but less than 1450.74 lbs.0.42 lbs.0.30 lbsNo. 5,

No. 6 and heavierEqual to or greater than 1451.1 lbs0.52 lbs0.52 lbs 13 Amended, 1978 Ordinances, p. 4071.13

(2) Non-Commercial Fuel.

(a) No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit sulfur dioxide, caused by the combustion of non- commercial fuel or the combustion of non-commercial and commercial fuel mixtures, to be discharged from any stack or chimney into the outdoor atmosphere in excess of the following limits, expressed as ppm by volume adjusted to twelve (12) percent carbon dioxide by volume, or equivalent method approved by the Department:

Annual average 250 ppm

Maximum monthly average 310 ppm 14 Amended, 1978 Ordinances, p. 4071.14

(b) Where a single manufacturing facility contains multiple stacks or chimneys for discharge of flue gases from burning non-commercial fuels or non-commercial and commercial fuel mixtures, the emissions from any single stack may exceed the SO2 concentration limits given in (2)(a) provided that it can be satisfactorily demonstrated to the Department that:

(.1) The emission rate of sulfur dioxide from non-commercial fuel combustion on a total weight basis for the facility will not exceed that allowed by (2)(a); and

(.2) The ground level concentrations of sulfur dioxide at any point in the neighborhood, area, or region caused by the combustion of all non- commercial fuel at the facility shall not exceed those concentrations that would result from compliance with (2)(a); and

(.3) The concentration of SO2 emitted from any such stack does not exceed any limit imposed by regulations of the State of Pennsylvania or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; and

(.4) Compliance with (2)(b) shall not prevent the achievement or maintenance of any national air quality standard for SO2 established by the Environmental Protection Agency.

(c) Any person responsible for the discharge of SO2 caused by the combustion of non-commercial fuel or the combustion of non-commercial and commercial fuel mixtures from any stack or chimney as provided for in (2)(a) and (2)(b) shall submit a detailed report to the Department at least once every month, providing fuel usage and emissions information sufficiently adequate to determine compliance with this Section.

(3) Exemptions. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to commercial fuel used by ocean-going vessels.

(4) Emergency Conditions. 15 Added, 1973 Ordinances, p. 1045.15

(a) When it appears that the delivery of low sulfur fuel oil, as set forth in Par. 3-207(1)(a), (b) and (2)(a), is, or is about to be, interrupted because of unavailability, accident, or other emergency conditions, the Department may authorize the use of an alternative fuel supply, containing the least amount of sulfur available, for a period not to exceed 30 days. Longer periods of time of 120 days each may be authorized by the Department only after a review and recommendation made by the Air Pollution Control Board for each extended period of time.

(b) Factors to be considered shall include the availability of alternate complying fuels, the availability of sulfur dioxide stack gas removal equipment, and the anticipated effect on air quality in the neighborhood, area, and region.

(c) The Air Pollution Control Board, after a hearing, shall have the right to adjust, revoke, rescind, and make any changes or modifications of any authorizations issued under (4)(a) above if there shall occur such change in the condition of availability of low sulfur fuel or the factors set forth in subsection (4)(b) above.

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